What is Temporal translation and how does HFM handle that?

Published July 23 2008 by Alithya Ranzal
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Hyper-Inflationary translation means you must use what is called ‘Temporal’ as opposed to the common ‘Current’ method (which is out of the box).

Under the temporal rate method, the objective is to measure each subsidiary transaction as though the transaction had been made by the parent. Monetary items (e.g. cash, receivables, inventories carried at market, payables, and long-term debt) are remeasured using the current exchange rate. Other items (e.g. prepaid expenses, inventories carried at cost, fixed assets, and stock) are remeasured using historical exchange rates.

The Temporal Method:

  • Monetary assets and liabilities (cash, liquid securities, accounts payable and receivable, debt) are converted at the current rate of exchange. – default rates in the system .
  • Nonmonetary assets and liabilities (fixed assets and inventory) are translated at historical rates. Thus no accounting capital gains or losses arise from these items. – In HE, I would do this via USD overrides.
  • Income state items are converted at the average exchange rate for the accounting period unless, as in the case of depreciation or cost of inventory sold, they are directly associated with nonmonetary items. In this latter case the historical cost is used for the translation. – Same as above using overrides.
  • Dividends and other distributions are converted at the current rate of exchange at the time they were paid.
  • Under the Temporal-Rate Method the net gain does go into the consolidated income statement but since no fluctuations in the value of fixed assets occur the effect on net income is moderated. Because the Temporal-Rate Method uses different exchange rates for different account items there is a problem in the consistency of the accounts. This is a rule you would add to the impact the expenses, I have seen this in other expenses, or other operating expenses. It is likely they know where they want to this impact.

I can’t imagine doing this with rates in HE. You would need a rate for each entity potentially.

Contributed by:
Peter Fugere, Practice Director
HFM & HE Hyperion Certified
Ranzal & Associates

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